Status: Endangered Number Remaining: 40,000-50,000 Average Length: 22 feet Average Weight: up to 11,000 pounds Asian elephants can be found in through southern and southeastern Asian, from India to Thailand to southern China. There are three subspecies of the Asian Elephant: the Indian, the Sumatran, and the Sri Lankan. Even where suitable habitat exists, poaching remains a threat to elephants in many areas. In 1989, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) banned the international trade in ivory.
The Asian elephant was first listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species in Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1975. U.S. regulations implementing CITES can be found at 50 CFR 23. The Asian elephant was listed as Endangered under the . The main reason that Asian Elephants are endangered is habitat loss. They are losing their habitat because people cut down their habitat for wood and to make room for new buildings. The other reason they are endangered is because some people kill the Asian Elephants for their tusks.
There are three subspecies of Asian elephant – the Indian, Sumatran and Sri Lankan. The Indian has the widest range and accounts for the majority of the remaining elephants on the continent. The Sri Lankan is physically the largest of the subspecies, and also the darkest in colour. ENDANGERED SPECIES. An informed eye, however, can distinguish the two species. An African bull elephant (adult male) can weigh as much as 14,000 to 16,000 pounds (6300 to 7300 kg) and grow to 13 feet (four meters) at the shoulder. Its smaller relative, the Asian elephant, averages 5,000 pounds (2300 kg) and 9 to 10 feet (3 meters) tall.